Have you ever felt pain around your lower back where the pelvic bone meets the spine? Its a type of pain that you can feel in the nerves, joint and even ligaments. If so, you may be feeling Sacroiliac Joint Pain. While its one of the most common forms of lower back pain, it also mimics the symptoms of many other back conditions. Please consult a physician about your specific condition.
There are two Sacroiliac Joints on either end of the spine. They have several nerve endings, causing pain in this area to be extremely sensitive. Nerves are what signal the brain when there is pain or disruption in the body.
There are several causes of Sacroiliac Joint Pain:
- Infection of the joint
- Stress Fracture
- Pregnancy pressure on the joint
- Inflammation of the joint
- Trauma to the lower back
- Moving or Twisting the wrong way
- Too much movement (hyper-mobility)
- Too little movement (hypo-mobility)
Diagnosis of Sacroiliac Joint Pain can be difficult due to its broad symptoms and causes. It is often misdiagnosed as hip bursitis, muscle or nerve spasms, and other back conditions. A physical exam by a certified specialist and some tests are often required. Tests can range from x-ray and CT Scan to MRI and bone scan.
Treatment is given based on specific diagnosis of the cause and severity of the Sacroiliac Joint Pain. Some treatment methods may include:
- Steroid injections in the joint
- Muscle Relaxers
- Prescription Medication
- Acetaminophen or NSAIDs
Physical Therapy & Stretching Exercises:
A single knee to chest stretch: Gently pump the knee three to four times as you bring each leg towards the chest. Complete 10 repetitions on each leg.
Press-up stretch: Lay flat on your stomach with your chest down and back up, press up on your hands while keeping the pelvis on the floor. Keep the lower back and buttocks relaxed. Gradually work from 5 seconds, up to 30 seconds per repetition. Complete 10 repetitions.
Lumbar rotation stretch: Lay on your back with both knees bent, while keeping your feet flat on the floor. Rock your knees from side to side. Keep the lower spine as still as possible. Complete move for 30 seconds.
Hot and Cold Therapy: At different stages of Sacroiliac Joint Pain
Supports and Braces:
A belt or brace designed for SI Joint Pain can help stabilize and reduce the stress to the sacroiliac joint. Most look like an over-sized belt that fits tightly around the waist. Your physician will figure out a regimen that is right for you. However, average treatment is 24 hour use for 10 days and then a gradual reduction of wear over a six to eight week period.